This Wild Spirit

In 1912, Mary Vaux, a botanist, glaciologist, painter, and photographer, wrote about her mountain adventures: “A day on the trail, or a scramble over the glacier, or even with a quiet day in camp to get things in order for the morrow's conquests? Some how when once this wild spirit enters the blood…I can hardly wait to be off again." Vaux's compulsion was shared by many women whose intellects, imaginations, and spirits rose to the challenge of the mountains between the late-nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries. This Wild Spirit explores a sampling of women's creative responses—in fiction and travel writing, photographs and paintings, embroidery and beadwork, letters and diaries, poetry and posters—to their experiences in the Rocky Mountains of Canada.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Front Cover 1
Title Page 3
Copyright 5
Dedication 6
Contents 8
Abbreviations 13
Acknowledgements 14
Introduction 18
1 Taking a Deep Interest: Métis and Aboriginal Women 31
"Hosts of Mountain Oasis" (1929) | Munro 52
"Laggan to Maligne Lake and Tête Jaunce Cache and Return" (1908) | Adams 62
"The Jasper Story" (1955) | Park Gowan 72
"Doubletake" (1992) | Lippard 92
2 Being a Woman, I Wanted to Tell About Them: Literary Travellers 107
"By Car and by Cowcatcher" (1887) | MacDonald 128
"Our Wild Westland" (1889) | Spragge 136
"The Rocky Mountains" (1893) | Aberdeen 142
A Woman Tenderfoot (1900) | Seton-Thompson 148
A Social Departure (1893) | Duncan 164
"The Rocky Mountains and British Columbia" (1910) | Cran 174
Lady Merton, Colonist (1910) | Ward 184
3 Free Among the Everlasting Hills: Botanists and Brides 191
"Glacier House Scrapbook (1897-1910) | Various 210
"Our Dear Mrs. Young" (1934) | Schäffer Warren 222
"Camping in the Canadian Rockies" (1907) | Vaux 226
"A Maiden Woyage on the 'New' Lake" (1911) | Schäffer 232
"Letters to Dr. Walcott" (1912) | Vaux 234
"Untrodden Ways" (1908) | Schäffer 258
"Flowers of the Canadian Rockies (1945) | Vaux Walcott 266
"Flora of the Saskatchewan and Athabasca River Tributaries" (1908) | Schäffer 270
"Haunts of the Wild Flowers of the Canadian Rockies" (1911) | Schäffer 274
"The Mountain Wildflowers of Western Canada" (1907) | Henshaw 280
"Dearest Mother" (1930-1933) | Robb Whyte 288
COLOUR PLATES 298
4 At Civilization's Limits: Exploring Women 307
"Why and Wherefore" (1911) | Schäffer 324
"An Explanation" (1911) | Schäffer 326
"Old Indian Trails of the Canadian Rockies" (1911) | Portland Telegram 334
“Laggan to Maligne Lake andTête Jaune Cache and Return” (1908) | Adams 340
“Trip to Jasper Park,Rocky Mountains, Canada” (1911) | Sharpless 348
“A Recently Explored Lake in theRocky Range of Canada” (1909) | Schäffer 360
Hunter of Peace (1993) | Stearns 374
5 On the Rockies Stark: Mountaineers 379
“The Alpine Club of Canada” (1907) | Parker 392
“Mountain Climbingfor Women” (1909) | Crawford 398
“Breaking the Way” (1904) | Schäffer 406
“A Graduating Climb” (1910) | Johns 410
“Graduation” (1918) | Edwards 418
“Portrait of a Giant” (1946) | Engelhard 422
“The North-West—Canada” (1909) | O'Neill 432
“Canada’s Mountains” (1954) | Woods 434
“Mountaineer and Mountains” (1957) | Woods 436
“Sonnet” (1963) | Ferguson 440
6 Wild and Solitary and Beautiful: Mountain Culture / Mountain Wilderness 443
“Jasper National Park” (1924) | Todd 460
The Kicking Horse Trail (1927) | Williams 466
“Honor Memory of Edith Cavell” (1926) | Canadian National Railways Magazine 472
“Marilyn Monroe vs.Scenery at Roxy” (1954) | Crowther 476
Colour Plates 478
Selected Bibliography 486
Permissions 496
Index 498