Canadian Countercultures and the Environment

Canadian Countercultures and the Environment

Studies of the radical environmental politics of the 1960s have tended to downplay the extent to which much of that countercultural intellectual and social ferment continued into the 1970s and 1980s. Canadian Countercultures and the Environment adds to our knowledge of this understudied period. This collection contributes a sustained analysis of the beginning of major environmental debates in this era and examines a range of issues related to broad environmental concerns, topics which emerged as key concerns in the context of Cold War military investments and experiments, the oil crisis of the 1970s, debates over gendered roles, and the increasing attention to urban pollution and pesticide use.

No other publication dealing with this period covers the wide range of environmental topics (among others, activism, midwifery, organic farming, recycling, urban cycling, and communal living) or geographic locales, from Yukon to Atlantic Canada. Together, they demonstrate how this period influenced and informed environmental action and issues in ways that have had a long-term impact on Canadian society.

With contributions by:
Matt Cavers
Megan Davies
Nancy Janovicek
Alan MacEachern
David Neufeld
Ryan O'Connor
Daniel Ross
Henry Trim
Sharon Weaver

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Half title page 2
Series page 3
Full title page 4
Copyright Page 5
Table of Contents 6
Acknowledgments 8
Contributors 10
1: Canadian Countercultures and their Environments, 1960s–1980s 12
Section 1: ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM 38
2: Back-to-the-Land Environmentalism and Small Island Ecology: Denman Island, BC, 1974–1979 40
3: “Good Ecology Is Good Economics”: The Slocan Valley Community Forest Management Project, 1973–1979 66
4: American Immigration, the Canadian Counterculture, and the Prefigurative Environmental Politics of the West Kootenay Region, 1969–1989 90
5: Countercultural Recycling in Toronto: The “Is Five Foundation” and the Origins of the Blue Box 114
6: “Vive la Vélorution!”: Le Monde à Bicyclette and the Origins of Cycling Advocacy in Montreal 138
Section 2: PEOPLE, NATURE, ACTIVITIES 162
7: An Ark for the Future: Science, Technology, and the Canadian Back-to-the-Land Movementof the 1970s 164
8: Dollars for “Deadbeats”: Opportunities for Youth Grants and the Back-to-the-Land Movement on British Columbia’s Sunshine Coast 190
9: Building Futures Together: Western and Aboriginal Countercultures and the Environment in the Yukon Territory 212
10: Nature, Spirit, Home: Back-to-the-Land Childbirth in BC’s Kootenay Region 240
11: Children of the Hummus: Growing Up Back-to-the-Landon Prince Edward Island 270
Index 298
Back Cover 314